In terms of sustainable forest development in Ukraine forest infrastructure network is one of the most important factors to ensure the effective use of forest resources, restoration, conservation and protection of forests and development of tourist and recreational potential of forest areas.
Existing in Ukraine network of forest roads for every 1,000 hectares of forests today is 2–5 times lower than in Central Europe.
The total length of forest roads in Ukraine is about 80 thousand km or 7.7 km per 1 thousand ha of forest land. In some areas of Eastern and Southern Ukraine the figure reaches 10–12 km per 1 thousand ha, but in Carpathian mountain forests where it is concentrated up to 40% of forest growing stock road density is only 7–8 km per 1 thousand ha.
During 2007–2020 significant work on road construction was done. During this period there were built, repaired and put into use about 6,7 thousand km of forest roads, especially in the Carpathian region (about 2,5 thousand km).
Forest roads construction serves to implementation of complex environmental work, introduction of ecologically safe technologies of forest management required by Carpathian Convention, improvement of care for forest plantations, involvement in economic turnover forest affected by pests and diseases and in the southern and eastern regions of Ukraine creation conditions for rapid access to forest where forest fires occurred.
To ensure forest management priority needs in Ukraine in the coming years, it is necessary to build every year at least 500 km of new forest roads, which requires substantial financial and logistical costs.