The plant built on the basis of Gladkovitsy Forestry State Enterprise "Ovruch Specialized Forestry" will produce up to 5 million seedlings of conifers with closed root system every year. This is especially important in regions where the forest has been damaged by fires and military operations.
"The opening of seed and breeding plants is one of the points of the Green Country program. The technology of planting seedlings with a closed root system makes it possible to extend the period when weather conditions allow planting forests," said Yuriy Bolokhovets, Head of the State Forest Resources Agency of Ukraine.
As for the main principles of the forest center, it is the use of seeds from the permanent forest seed base objects, cultivation of planting material with closed root system, quality control in each of the production processes.
In its structure, the forest selection and seed plant has a division for processing and storage of forest seed raw materials, equipped with appropriate modern equipment. In particular, a pinecone dryer, which makes it possible to obtain high-quality seeds with virtually no manual labor. The seed storage facility will provide long-term storage of prepared seeds without loss of their germination. A complex for sowing forest seeds consists of a drum-type Beta-65 sowing line.
The output will be standard planting material, characterized by improved genetic and breeding quality, high adaptability during the whole vegetation period, resistance to adverse environmental conditions, high competitiveness, fast convergence of forest cultures.
Part of the seedlings will be used for autumn planting of forest crops, the rest will be kept in special storage in dormant state till spring. For this purpose, a chamber with controlled climate for storing seedlings is designed, the projected number of simultaneous storage of seedlings is 1700 thousand pcs.